What are some of the routine medical tests for seniors?

A wide range of screening and
preventive measures are available and recommended for people over the age of
65. These guidelines follow the recommendations by the U.S. Preventive Services
Task Force (USPSTF) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and are based on
extensive clinical data. 
The following lists some of the
important preventive and screening measures for seniors.
  • Influenza vaccination
  • Pneumonia vaccination
  • Vaccination against shingles (60 and older; some
    doctors recommend starting at age 50)
  • Colon
    cancer screening for adults between ages 50 and 75 (younger
    starting age in high risk groups)
  • Breast
    cancer screening with yearly mammogram
    for females between 40 and 75 (younger starting age for high risk groups)
  • Prostate cancer
    screening with annual rectal exam and PSA (prostate sensitive antigen) in
    males above age 50
  • Osteoporosis screening with bone
    density scan in women above age of 65
  • Lipid disorder screening yearly for men above 35 and
    women above 45
  • Diabetes screening in people with high blood pressure,
    high cholesterol, obesity,
    or previous high blood sugar levels with or without symptoms of diabetes
  • Blood pressure screening at least once a year
  • Smoking cessation counseling
Other screening tests may be
recommended by doctors are:
  • vision and hearing exams
  • skin cancer screening
  • cardiac stress
    tests
  • thyroid function tests
  • mental status exam
  • peripheral vascular disease screening
It is worth noting that even though
these are general health maintenance guidelines, primary care doctors may draft
an individualized plan for each person based on their personal history. 
Many of these tests are recommended
to be performed periodically. As people get older, the benefits of detecting
certain diseases may diminish, obviating the need for further screening.
Accordingly, the patient’s primary physician may help guide patients with their
decisions regarding recommended health screening tests. 
Sometimes the possible risks
associated with certain tests may outweigh the potential benefits. Therefore,
there are times when the right decision for an individual is to not have
further testing for certain conditions. 
Source:
www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=22405

To
reach one of our Advanced Senior Solution’s team members, either go to
the Contact Us tab or call 727-443-2273. We’re here to help with all of
your elder care questions, care needs, and much more! Call us today for a
free no-obligation care consultation via phone or in person.

Is exercise important in health of the elderly?

Benefits of exercise in disease prevention
and progression cannot be overemphasized. 
Regular physical activity and
exercise can help manage or even prevent a variety of health problems in the
elderly. 
Heart disease, high cholesterol,
diabetes, osteoporosis, muscle weakness, certain cancers, depression, and stroke
are some the common medical conditions which routine physical activity and
effective exercising may greatly benefit the patient. 
Some of the numerous health benefits
of exercise for seniors include:
  • Weight maintenance and burning excess calories
  • Improving the ratio of good cholesterol to bad
    cholesterol
  • Building up physical endurance
  • Optimizing health of the heart, lung, and vascular
    system
  • Better delivery of oxygen and nutrients to tissues
  • Maintaining bone and muscle health
  • Reducing fall risks and arthritis
  • Mood enhancement
  • Better sleep quality and duration
Regular exercise 3-5 times a week
for at least 30 minutes is strongly advised for seniors. An effective exercise
is one which would increase the heart rate adequately to about 75% of maximum
heart rate. A person’s maximum heart rate is roughly calculated by subtracting
age from the number 220.
Walking, swimming, and exercise
machines are generally safe and can help achieve these goals. Balance
exercises, flexibility exercises, and resistance exercises (weight lifting) can also be beneficial.
As a general precaution, if symptoms
such as chest pain
or tightness, shortness of breath, or fainting or dizziness
occur during or after exercising, it is important for the individual to stop
the exercise and notify their physician promptly.
Source:
www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=22405

To
reach one of our Advanced Senior Solution’s team members, either go to
the Contact Us tab or call 727-443-2273. We’re here to help with all of
your elder care questions, care needs, and much more! Call us today for a
free no-obligation care consultation via phone or in person.

What role does diet play in senior health?

A good and healthy diet has numerous
potential benefits in the health of seniors.
Heart disease, vascular disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, strokes,
memory problems, osteoporosis, certain cancers, skin, hair and nail diseases,
and visual problems are examples of conditions which can be impacted by diet. 
Proteins, carbohydrates, fats,
vitamins, minerals, and water are all essential nutrients that make up most
cells and tissues in human body. Thus, these essential components need to be
provided in moderation through the diet for maintenance of good health. 
A balanced diet consisting of fruits
and vegetables, whole grains, and fiber is generally
recommended to provide these necessary nutrients. Avoidance of saturated fats
(animal fat), supplementation with minerals and vitamins, and consumption of
plenty of fluids are considered an important component of a healthy diet. 
Although the quality of food is
important, its quantity should not be overlooked. A large portion of a very
healthy diet can still lead to a high caloric intake. Moderate portion sizes to
achieve daily caloric goals of 1500 to 2000 are generally advised. Avoiding
empty calories are also important. These are foods which lack good nutritional
value but are high in calories. Examples include sodas, chips, cookies, donuts,
and alcohol.
Special dietary restrictions for
certain conditions are also important to follow. Restricted salt and fluid
intake for people with heart failure
or kidney disease, or carbohydrate controlled diet for people with diabetes are
general examples of such guidelines.
Source:
www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=22405

To
reach one of our Advanced Senior Solution’s team members, either go to
the Contact Us tab or call 727-443-2273. We’re here to help with all of
your elder care questions, care needs, and much more! Call us today for a
free no-obligation care consultation via phone or in person.

What are lifestyle changes seniors can make to lead a healthy life as they age?

A
balanced diet and participation in regular exercise are paramount in
maintaining a healthy life for people of all ages. Routine exercise and
healthy diet in seniors can have an even more noticeable impact in their
general well-being. 

Many
diseases in seniors may be prevented or at least slowed down as a
result of a healthy lifestyle. Osteoporosis, arthritis, heart disease,
high blood pressures, diabetes, high cholesterol, dementia, depression,
and certain cancers are some of the common conditions that can be
positively modified in seniors through diet, exercise, and other simple
lifestyle changes.

In addition to diet and exercise, other important life style modifications to lead a healthier life in seniors include:

  • Limiting alcohol intake to one drink daily
  • Smoking cessation
  • Using skin moisturizers and sun protection
  • Brushing and flossing teeth once or twice a day
  • Staying proactive in own healthcare and participating in decision making
  • Going to the primary care doctor routinely
  • Reviewing list of medications with their doctor(s) often
  • Following recommended instructions for health screening, preventive tests, and vaccinations
  • Visiting a dentist annually or biannually
  • Following up with eye doctor and foot doctor, especially for people with diabetes
  • Being
    aware of potential medication side effects and drug interactions
    including over-the-counter drugs, herbals, and alternative medicine
  • Adhering to routine sleep schedule and using good sleep hygiene
  • Engaging in routine and scheduled social activities
  • Taking vacations

Source: www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=22405

To reach one of our Advanced Senior Solution’s team members, either go
to the Contact Us tab or call 727-443-2273. We’re here to help with all
of your elder care questions, care needs, and much more! Call us today
for a free no-obligation care consultation via phone or in person.

How can Social Issues affect the Life and Health of Seniors?

Social issues can have a significant impact on life and both physical and mental health for seniors. Some of the major contributors to social and psychological problems for seniors are as follows:

Loneliness from losing a spouse and friends

Inability to independently manage regular activities of living

Difficulty coping and accepting physical changes of aging

Frustration with ongoing medical problems and increasing number of medications

Social isolation as adult children are engaged in their own lives

Feeling inadequate from inability to continue to work

Boredom from retirement and lack of routine activities

Financial stresses from the loss of regular income

These factors can have a negative impact on overall health of an older individual. Addressing these psychological problems is an integral component of seniors’ complex medical care.

Source: www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey-22405

To reach one of our Advanced Senior Solution’s team members, either go to the Contact Us tab or call 727-443-2273. We’re here to help with all of your elder care questions, care needs, and much more! Call us today for a free no-obligation care consultation via phone or in person.

What Changes Occur in the Body as we age?

A
wide range of changes can happen in the body to different degrees as we
age. These changes are not necessarily indicative of an underlying
disease but they can be distressing to the individual. Even though the
aging process cannot be stopped, being aware of these changes and
adopting a healthy lifestyle can reduce their impact on overall health.
 
  • Skin: With
    aging, skin becomes less flexible, thinner, and more fragile. Easy
    bruising is noticeable, and wrinkles, age spots, and skin tags may
    become more apparent. Skin can also become more dry and itchy as a
    result of less natural skin oil production.
  • Bones, joints, and muscles: Bones
    typically lose density and shrink in size making them more susceptible
    to fractures. Muscles shrink in mass and become weaker. Joints can
    suffer from normal wear and tear; joints become painful, inflamed, and
    less flexible.
  • Mobility and balance: A
    person’s mobility and balance can be affected by various age related
    changes. Bone, joint, and muscle problems listed above in conjunction
    with changes in the nervous system are the major contributors to balance
    problems. Falls may occur resulting in further damage with bruises and
    fractures.
  • Body shape: As
    a result of bony changes of aging, body stature can become shorter and
    curvature of the back vertebrae may be altered. Increased muscle loss
    and reduced fat metabolism can also occur. Fat can redistribute to the
    abdominal area and buttock areas. Maintaining an ideal body weight
    becomes more difficult.
  • Face: Aging
    changes also take place in the face. Other than wrinkles and age spots,
    the overall facial contour can change. Overall loss of volume from
    facial bone and fat can result in less tightness of the facial skin and
    sagging. The face becomes droopier and bottom heavy.
  • Teeth and gums: Teeth
    can become more, weak, brittle, and dry. Salivary glands produce less
    saliva; Gums can also recede from the teeth. These changes may result in
    dry mouth, tooth decay, infections, bad breath, tooth loss, and gum
    disease.
  • Hair and nail: Hair
    can become thinner and weaker as a person ages. Dry hair may lead to
    itching and discomfort. Nails may become brittle and unshapely. Nails
    can also get dry and form vertical ridges. Toe nail thickening (ram’s
    horn shape) is common. Nail fungal infections may occur frequently.
  • Hormones and endocrine glands: Hormonal
    changes are seen commonly in the elderly. Most common is the hormonal
    control of blood sugar and carbohydrate metabolism leading to diabetes.
    Thyroid dysfunction and problems with fat and cholesterol metabolism are
    also commonly encountered. Calcium and vitamin D metabolism may also
    become altered.
  • Memory: Problems
    with memory are common in seniors. However, it is important to realize
    that minor memory problems so not constitute dementia or Alzheimer’s
    disease. Simple lapses of memory such as not remembering where you left
    your car keys or whether you locked the door are a normal part of aging.
  • Immunity: The
    body’s immune system can get weaker with age. Blood cells that fight
    infections (white blood cells) become less effective leading to more
    frequent infections.
  • Hearing: Changes
    in nerves pf hearing and ear structures can dim hearing and cause
    age-related hearing loss. Higher frequencies become harder to hear.
  • Vision: Eyes
    can become drier and the lens can lose its accuracy as we age. Vision
    can be affected by these changes and can become blurry and out of focus.
    Glasses or contact lenses can help correct these problems.
  • Taste and smell: Sense of smell and less commonly, sense of taste may fade leading to poor appetite and weight loss.
  • Bowel and bladder: Bowel
    and bladder control can cause problems with incontinence. Additionally,
    bowel and bladder habit can change. Constipation is common in older
    adults, as are urinary frequency and difficulty initiating urine.
  • Sleep: Sleep
    patterns can significantly change with age. Duration of sleep, quality
    of sleep, and frequent night time awakening are commonly seen in
    seniors.
Source: www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=22405

To
reach one of our Advanced Senior Solution’s team members, either go to
the Contact Us tab or call 727-443-2273. We’re here to help with all of
your elder care questions, care needs, and much more! Call us today for a
free no-obligation care consultation via phone or in person.

What are Some Common Facts about Health in seniors?

As people get older, physiological changes occur in their body as a mutual part of aging.

Physical changes sue to aging can occur in almost every organ and can affect seniors’ health and lifestyle.

Some diseases and conditions become more prominent in the elderly.

Psychosocial issues can also play a role in physical and mental health of older adults.

A balanced diet and regular exercise are strongly linked to better health outcomes in seniors.

A series of routine screening tests and preventative measures are recommended for the elderly.

Important preventative measures at home can improve the safety and health of seniors.

Geriatrics is a medical sub-specialty dedicated to the care of the elderly. Physicians who have specialized training in this field are known as geriatricians.

Source: www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=22405

To reach one of our Advanced Senior Solution’s team members, either go to the Contact Us tab or call 727-443-2273. We’re here to help with all of your elder care questions, care needs, and much more! Call us today for a free no-obligation care consultation via phone or in person.

Medication Tips for the Caregiver

The average senior takes two to seven medications daily. As
we age our bodies change, affecting the way medications and foods are absorbed,
distributed, metabolized, and excreted.
All of these can create a greater risk of drug interactions
and side effects. The more medications the care-receiver takes daily, the
easier it is to lose track of how many to take and when they should be taken.
Caregivers should use a medication organizer for their care-receiver.
Consider these tips:
        1.      
Make sure all of the care-receiver’s doctors and
specialists are aware of what the other is prescribing.
        2.      
Make sure you understand how and when the
care-receiver is to take all of the medications.
        3.      
Select over-the-counter products to treat only
symptoms you have. Follow-up with the pharmacist to make sure there will not be
a reaction with other medications you are taking.
        4.      
Make sure all medications are clearly labeled.
        5.      
Keep medications in their original containers.
        6.      
Never take medication in the dark or in poor
lighting.
        7.      
Know what your medications look like. If it does
not look right or same, contact the pharmacist before taking.
        8.      
Only take the amount prescribed for you.
        9.      
Never take someone else’s medication.
        10.  
Follow the directions on the container. Do not
stop taking medications just because you feel better.
        11.  
Use a medication organizer.
        12.  
Don’t store medications in sunlight or direct
heat.
        13.  
Never store medications in the bathroom. There
is too much moisture.
        14.  
Use whatever means you can to help your loved
one take medication properly.
        15.  
Don’t carry medicines next to your body. That can
raise the temperature and cause some medications to break down.
        16.  
Always get your prescription filled on time so
you don’t run out. Missing even one day can make a difference in the
effectiveness of many medications.
        17.  
Use one pharmacy for all of your medicines. This
will help ensure that you don’t take conflicting medications.
        18.  
If you have any questions about your pills, make
sure you ask your doctor or pharmacist.
        19.  
Tell your doctor of you have any side effects.
        20.  
Be sure to tell your doctor or pharmacist of any
herbal supplements you are taking. Some herbal supplements can interact with
prescribed medications and cause them to be less effective.
        21.  
Know the names and doses of the medicines you
are taking.
        22.  
Keep all medicines out of the reach of children.
        23.  
Throw away any medicines that aren’t currently
prescribed to you.
        24.  
Ask your pharmacist’s advice before crushing or
splitting tablets. Some should only be swallowed    whole.
Did you know that drug misuse is one of the
top problems that doctors see in seniors? Did you know that about 320,000 questionable
prescriptions are written for seniors yearly?
Almost 40% if all drug reactions each year involve
seniors. Be responsible. If you have any medication questions be sure to ask
your pharmacist.
Source:
www.seniorslist.com/inner.php?aid-4338
To reach one of our Advanced Senior Solution’s team members, either go to the Contact Us tab or call 727-443-2273. We’re here to help with all of your elder care questions, care needs, and much more! Call us today for a free no-obligation care consultation via phone or in person.

The Right Exercises for Seniors

Senior fitness requires exercise, but it must be the correct
exercise. If seniors exercise incorrectly they can cause great harm.
There are four basic components to correct exercise for
seniors that will lead to healthy living: cardio, strength, flexibility, and
balance.
Cardio Training
Cardio training is an activity that increases the heart
rate. Good exercises that are appropriate for seniors include: walking,
swimming, and bike riding. Becoming involved in this form of exercise three or more times per week is essential.
Strength Exercise
As we age our muscles slowly begin to decline in size. The
more a muscle is not used the more it will shrink. As a senior it is important
to exercise with light weights a few times each week to keep muscles strong.
Flexibility and
Stretching Exercise
For good posture and healthy joints it is important for
seniors to undertake a few minutes each day or every other day of stretching
exercises. Exercises that involve stretching help keep the body flexible.
Balance Exercise
This is the area of exercise that is often overlooked, yet
very important. As we age we lose our sense of balance and become more
vulnerable to falling. By doing balance exercises this will help prevent fall
accidents.
As with any exercise activity, especially as a senior,
consult a physician first before anything is started. That way they can assure
that the activities are safe and proper for the health of the individual.
Keep in mind these four components of proper exercise for
seniors. Senior fitness is important and should not be ignored if one is to
have a happy and healthy life during their later years. But it must be done
right and include all the four of the mentioned components.

Source: www.seniorslist.com/inner.php?aid=4365

To reach one of our Advanced Senior Solution’s team members, either go to the Contact Us tab or call 727-443-2273. We’re here to help with all of your elder care questions, care needs, and much more! Call us today for a free no-obligation care consultation via phone or in person.

Healthy Aging and Physical Limitations

Anyone
who has a physical limitation may have to work harder to age well and stay
healthy, but your elder must not let his or her spirit wane or look at himself
or herself as a victim.
Elders
often know their own bodies, and what they need. Having a membership to a
health club is not what gets you healthy; you actually have to do the exercise.
Whether your elder does an exercise regime on his or her own or follows a DVD
or TV workout program, it is crucial that your elder moves around on a regular
basis to stay energized, firm, and alive.
Before
starting any exercise program, consult your elder’s primary care physician for
a baseline assessment of the ideal level of physical activity. Remember to keep
it enjoyable or your elder won’t stick with it for very long. The activity must
be something that becomes a fun part of the daily routine, whether it is
walking, biking, or practicing yoga. Also make sure your elder is getting
outside for some sunshine every day and getting adequate sleep every night.
Another
proactive healthy aging tactic is to eat right and keep hydrated. This will
take planning and effort. Suggest that your elder make a list of preferred
foods that are healthy and go purchase t hem. Make sure fresh fruits and
vegetables, as well as lean sources of protein are in the home at all times.
To age
successfully, it also helps to stay closely connected to family, friends, and
to some sort of spiritual life, if you desire. Finding a place to volunteer
your time and expertise also helps. Encourage your elder to pursue anything
that makes them feel like they are a part of their community and universe at
large.
Finally,
It’s important to settle old grudges and hurts. Wipe your emotional slate clean
every day before you go to bed. Sometimes this requires an email, a phone call,
or just coming to terms with the conflict in your own mind. Be grateful for
being alive so that you can live life to the fullest.

Source:
www.seniorslist.com/inner.php?aid=4347

To reach one of our Advanced Senior Solution’s team members, either go to the Contact Us tab or call 727-443-2273. We’re here to help with all of your elder care questions, care needs, and much more! Call us today for a free no-obligation care consultation via phone or in person.