Is exercise important in health of the elderly?

Benefits of exercise in disease prevention
and progression cannot be overemphasized. 
Regular physical activity and
exercise can help manage or even prevent a variety of health problems in the
elderly. 
Heart disease, high cholesterol,
diabetes, osteoporosis, muscle weakness, certain cancers, depression, and stroke
are some the common medical conditions which routine physical activity and
effective exercising may greatly benefit the patient. 
Some of the numerous health benefits
of exercise for seniors include:
  • Weight maintenance and burning excess calories
  • Improving the ratio of good cholesterol to bad
    cholesterol
  • Building up physical endurance
  • Optimizing health of the heart, lung, and vascular
    system
  • Better delivery of oxygen and nutrients to tissues
  • Maintaining bone and muscle health
  • Reducing fall risks and arthritis
  • Mood enhancement
  • Better sleep quality and duration
Regular exercise 3-5 times a week
for at least 30 minutes is strongly advised for seniors. An effective exercise
is one which would increase the heart rate adequately to about 75% of maximum
heart rate. A person’s maximum heart rate is roughly calculated by subtracting
age from the number 220.
Walking, swimming, and exercise
machines are generally safe and can help achieve these goals. Balance
exercises, flexibility exercises, and resistance exercises (weight lifting) can also be beneficial.
As a general precaution, if symptoms
such as chest pain
or tightness, shortness of breath, or fainting or dizziness
occur during or after exercising, it is important for the individual to stop
the exercise and notify their physician promptly.
Source:
www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=22405

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